The issue of Zakat is the focus of much attention and even debate. Confusion around Zakat can arise as this pillar of Islam is handled in many different - and sometimes unclear ways - by different charities. We are here to help demystify Zakat and explain the clear and robust policy Muslim Hands has when we help you honour this noble duty.
The lofty guarantee of a '100% Zakat' policy is a phrase we now commonly hear. Social media is abuzz with slogans that confidently claim not a single penny of your donation will go anywhere except to the poor. 'None of your money is spent on admin!' 'No cut is taken for fundraising', 'Your entire donation will go where you intended', are the reassurances which come with this.
It sounds perfect. Ideal. Just how Zakat should be handled, right? Perhaps not.
What this '100% Zakat' policy actually means in terms of how your money reaches the poor is often not as clear. It is precisely into these details that we must delve to truly understand how and why Zakat is managed the way it is. Though appealing to the heart, there are many practical and ethical reasons why we do not believe a '100% Zakat' policy can actually work.
Here are some of them:
Taking funds from elsewhere: Sadaqah, charity shops and trading income
What we often do not think of is that in order to ensure a '100% Zakat' policy, funds have to be taken from somewhere else. Money is needed to cover the costs of receiving, processing and managing donations as well as providing feedback and fundraising. These are costs that all charities incur without exception.
This is essentially then an exercise in moving money around. So while the 'Zakat' pot remains untouched, others such as the 'Sadaqah' pot are used to supplement this. This can mean those who have donated their Sadaqah in Ramadan or at other times of year are having a much larger portion of their donation deducted (often unknowingly) to cover costs elsewhere.
Many organisations also have branches of charity shops or other trade activities (such as clothing donations) which are used to finance administration and Zakat-related costs. This means that purchases made in good faith at charity shops may not be treated as donations to the poor, but are used to cover essential costs so the charity can stay true to the '100% Zakat' promise.
At Muslim Hands, we keep all the categories of donations clear and avoid overlap. Rather than taking money from other pots, we know it is religiously valid and ethically right to use a small percentage of the actual Zakat donation to administer that donation and generate further funds. Above all, this is the approach to Zakat proscribed by Allah (swt) in the Qur’an when defining how Zakat may be used.
Although there is no definitive amount, many scholars have stated that this can be up to 12.5% (12.5% = 100% / 8 and is based on the division of Zakat between 8 categories of recipients in the Qur’an). The 10% deduction made by Muslim Hands is below this, but allows us to ensure that your Zakat is handled with the utmost care and it is distributed efficiently and effectively to those who really need it.
No wealthy founders or investor donors
It was a community’s response to the haunting images of the Bosnian genocide in 1993 which spurred a group of like-minded people in Nottingham into action. Clothing collections, food aid and monetary donations were driven in person by volunteers who were motivated simply by the human need to help relieve suffering.
This grass-roots ethos has continued to sustain our vision over two decades later. We do not have any affluent founder trustees, nor a team of wealthy donors who cover Zakat or other administrative or fundraising costs. This is deliberate as we do not believe anybody should have a monopoly on charity. By financing our own work through the valid channels, we avoid the opportunity of being influenced (or even pressured) into the biases of any one person or group of individuals and can – instead – work where there is the greatest need for help. The privilege of assisting the poor extends to us all and therefore, Muslim Hands belongs to us all equally, including and especially you!
The Islamic legitimacy of costs incurred collecting and distributing Zakat
In His eternal and infinite wisdom, Allah (swt) ordained that one of the categories of people eligible to receive a portion of the Zakat funds are the administrators of Zakat (al 'amilina alayha). These are those who are responsible for collecting, storing, guarding, registering and distributing Zakat. In fact, this category of people comes third only after the poor (al-fuqara) and needy (al-masakin). It is not only understood that there will be costs incurred when collecting and distributing Zakat, but a whole category was dedicated for this purpose precisely so we may be open and transparent in where funds are spent.
At Muslim Hands we work with in-house scholars who guide the gathering and distribution of Zakat at every step. Our systems and procedures have come from careful consultation and backing of our religious advisors and this forms the basis of our Zakat policy.
Decades of experience
Muslim Hands is honoured to have been handling Zakat donations for over 20 years now. Over this time, we have built up the knowledge and expertise to ensure your money reaches those who need it quickly, effectively and with full transparency. We have field offices in over 20 countries and a network of local expert workers who engage with their communities and constantly feedback to our staff.
There is nobody more concerned with the honest and optimum distribution of your Zakat funds than Muslim Hands. This is because we understand the great amanah (trust) we have been given by accepting Zakat donations and distributing them on the ground. The responsibility on us is heavy and we are acutely aware of this. We devote a great deal of time, energy and research in ensuring we provide the best route we can for the distribution of Zakat. This is not only for your sake as a donor, but for the sake of our very selves also.
We endeavour to always remain true to our vision of providing a robust, transparent and effective Zakat service for all. Away from snazzy sloganeering, our commitment to this will never waver as we seek to honour the gift of Zakat for many years to come insha’Allah.